As I mentioned in my last post about lesson planning with Marzano, the first step in effective instruction is providing clear goals and to monitor student progress toward those goals. But how?
With scales! Marzano scales are based on the concept of "Mastery". According to Marzano, mastery is being able to answer at least 80% of questions about a topic correctly. A Marzano scale goes from 0-4 with each level as follows:
You might be thinking, "Great, but how can I make the scale they rate themselves on?" You begin with the standard. Most standards (at least in Social Studies) are large and complicated things that seem cobbled together like Frankenstein's monster. The first step is to break the monster standard into smaller chunks. These chunks become your daily lessons.
Next, take a chunk and ask yourself, "What would a student need to be able to do to demonstrate mastery of this chunk?" Once you have your answer, that is both your daily learning target and the level 3 on your scale! Level 4 is something beyond that, so ask yourself, "How could my students apply this knowledge another way?"
Level 0 is always the same - "Even with help, I still don't get it."
This leaves level 1 and 2 to worry about. The easiest way to fill these is to go back to what you came up with for level 3 and try to think of three or four things students would need to be able to do to call themselves a 3. Once you have these, put the simpler one(s) in level 1 and the simpler and more difficult ones in level 2. Once you've done that, you have a Marzano aligned scale for your lesson!
A few final thoughts.
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I'm an 18 year veteran teacher that loves teaching, coaching, writing, and my family.